M.E. (PARTTIME) Prospectus
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SANT GADGE BABA Amravati University
(FACULTY OF Engineering & technology)
Prospectus
Prescribed for
Post Graduate Three
Year Degree Course
Master of
Engineering
(PartTime)
I to III Year
Examinations
2006  2007 &
Onwards
Branches : 1) Civil (Geotechnical Engineering)
2) Electrical Power System
3) Thermal Power Engineering
4) Environmental Engineering
5) Computer Science & Engineering
6) Production Technology & Management
7) Digital Electronics
2006
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BY
Dr.P.S.Narkhede
Registrar
Sant
Gadge Baba
Amravati
University,
Amravati
444 602
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Moderation of answerbooks and preparation of results of the examinations,
conducted by the University, Ordinance 2001.
Dr.P.S.Narkhede
Registrar
Sant
Gadge Baba Amravati University
pattern of question paper on the unit system
The
pattern of question paper as per unit system will be broadly based on the
following pattern.
(1) Syllabus
has been divided into units equal to the number of question to be answered in
the paper. On each unit there will be a question either a long answer type or a
short answer type.
(2) Number of
question will be in accordance with the unit prescribed in the syllabi for each
paper i.e. there will be one question on each unit.
(3) For every
question long answer type or short answer type there will be an alternative
choice from the same unit. However, there will be no internal choice in a
question.
(4) Division of
marks between long answer and short answer type question will be in the ratio
of 40 and 60.
(5) Each short
answer type question shall Contain 4 to
8 short sub question with no internal choice.
syllabus
prescribed for
master of engineering
civil engineering
(geotechnical engineering)
part time
semester : first
1 SPCGE 1 advanced
soil mechanics
sectiona
Concepts of stress, strain, principal
stresses and strains, invariats octahedral stresses and strains.
Stressstrain relations, special
matrices, plane stress, plane strain problems, stresses and displacements in
elastic soil mass. Anistropy governing differential equations for flow through
porous media in cartisian coordinate and polar coordinates system for Laplace
equations, steady state ID flow in cartisian and polar coordinate system.
Effective stress principles, stress paths in various drainage conditions.
sectionb
Development of geological model and
equations of state for soils, Distribution of contact pressures for different
types of soils under various loading conditions.
Yield criteria and various theories of
failure, limiting equilibrium stability of soil slopes, infinite solpe in O and
cO soils subjected to seepage.
Earth pressure theories, different
theories, struted excavations stability of bottom of excavation and theory of
arching, limiting equilibrium equations, etc.
List of Practicals/Assignments :
1)
Determination of Earth pressure on
retaining walls by analytical & graphical methods.
2)
Determination of stability of slopes
(Swedish circle & friction circle method)
3)
Box shear test on gravel samples.
4) Triaxial tests on soil for drained &
undrained conditions.
5) Triaxial test on rock samples.
6)
Engg. properties of Geosynthetics
& standards.
7)
Determination of tensile strength of
Geotextiles.
8)
Determination of pullout resistance
of Geosynthetics.
9)
Determination of % elongation of
Geosynthetics.
10)
Box shear test on Geotextile.
books
recommended :
1)
Harr M.E. : Foundations of Theoretical Soil Mechanics.
2)
Scott R.F. : Principles of Soil Mechanics.
3)
Singh Alam : Soil Mechanics.
1 SpCGE 2 foundation
engineering
sectiona
Planning of sub soil exploration for
major civil engineering projects, sampling methods, criteria for spacing of
bores, depth of bore, interpretation of field and laboratory data.
Field method : SPT, Plate Load Test,
Pile Load Test, Vane Shear Test, extraposation of tests data for actual
foundations. Geophysical methods.
Mat or Raft foundations : design of G
Rigid mats, modulus of subgrade reaction, effect of depth on subgrade reaction,
criteria for Rigid/Flexible raft mat analysis using the modulus of sub grade
reaction using finite difference method.
sectionb
Beams of elastic approach diff.
equation of elastic curve, soil modulus and mathematical solutions, solutions
for laterally loaded piles with soil modulus assumed constant, concept of
Meyerhop and Ranjan’s method, Reese and Matlock’s method, fixity of pile heads,
battered piles under lateral loadvarious methods, Batter pilegroup under
inclined LoadsCulmann’s method, Vetter’s method; Hrennikoffis method, Brill
approach PV curves etc., anchored bulk headsdesign methods, free and fixed
earth support. Well foundationdifferent elements loadings, depth of well
foundation. Sinking stresses, bearing capacity analysis, conditions for
stability of well, lateral stability of well, different methods of
analysisTerzaghi, Pender, Banerjee and Gangopadhyay’s IRC method, Well
sinking, tills and shifts, stability for analysis for floating causson.
Micropiledesign construction
criteria  various elements and field conditions, design of Pilecaps.
List of Practicals/Assignments :
1)
Planning of subsoil exploration for
a Civil Engineering project.
2)
Standard Penetration Test.
3)
North Dacota Test.
4)
Plate Load Test.
5) Field Vane Shear Test.
6) Geophysical methodsElectrical
resistivity method & sounding test.
7)
Design of Raft foundation.
8)
Design of Well foundation.
9)
Design of anchored bulkheads.
10)
Design of micro piles & pile head.
books
recommended :
1)
Bowles J.E. : Foundation Analysis
and Design
2)
Samsher Prakash, Gopal Rajan :
Analysis and Design of Foundations and Retaining.and Swami Soran
3)
Davis and Poulus : Design and
Analysis of Laterally Loaded Piles.
4)
Kaniraj S.R.: Design Aids in Soil
Mechanics and Foundations.
*****
semester : second
SECTION A
Clay mineralogy  Atomic bonds, Clay minerals.
Claywater relations, Electrical effects, cation exchange, Clay mineral
identification
Soil
stabilization – Principle, Different methods of soil stabilization
Granular
stabilization
Chemical
stabilisation  Principle, Different methods, Different chemicals used,
Engineering properties and behavior of chemically stabilized soils.
Cement
stabilisation  Types, Mechanism, Properties, Factors influencing,
Applications, Laboratory testing for stabilized soil
Lime
stabilisation  Soillime reaction, Types and properties, Effectiveness of lime
treatment, Mixture design
Ash and
slag stabilisation  Flyash stabilisation
Bituminous
stabilisation  Classification, mechanism, Laboratory testing
Thermal
and electro kinetic stabilisation – Thermal, Heating and freezing,
Electroosmosis.
Construction
methods for stabilized soils.
SECTION
B
Deep
Compaction of Granular soil – Introduction, Vibration methods – Vibration
methods, Vibro compaction, Blasting,
Displacement methods.
Stonegravel
and sand column, Design of stone columns, Compaction piles, Dynamic
consolidation, Preloading method.
Stabilisation
of soft soil – Lime columns – Bearing capacity, Principle, Bearing capacity of
lime group, Total and differential settlement, Application of lime column
method, Quality control methods, Design of lime column foundations. Sand
drains, Granular trench stabilisation
Grouting
– Grouting techniques – Permeation grouting, Hydro facture grouting, Compaction
grouting, Jet grouting, Types of grouts, Design of soil grouting program,
Grouting equipment, Quality control and testing.
Practical Contents :
Any eight of following study
experiments / assignments
1. Compressive strength test of moulded
cylinder of stabilized soil
2. Moisturedensity relation of stabilized
soil
3. Wetting and drying test of compacted
stabilized soil
4. Freezing and thawing test of compacted
stabilized soil
5. Design of stone column
6. Design of lime column
7. Assignment on preloading method of stabilisation
8. Assignment on design of sand drains for
stabilisation.
9. Case histories of grouting
References :
1. B.M. Das  Principle of Foundation Design
2. Hsaiyang Fang Foundation Engineering Handbook
3. K.B. Woods, D.S. Berry and W.H. Goetz  Highway Engineering Handbook
SECTION A
Theory of vibrations – Introduction to dynamic loading, Vibratory
motions, Harmonic motion, Single degree of freedom system free and forced
vibrations, damped and undamped vibrations, Systems with two degree of
freedom, Undamped dynamic vibration absorbers.
Wave propagation vibrations in rod
(infinite and finite)  Longitudinal and torsional vibrations, Wave propagation
in an infinite homogeneous isotropic elastic medium, Wave propagation in
elastic half space.
Dynamic soil properties different
laboratory tests and field tests, Factors affecting the modulus of soil,
Dynamic bearing capacity of shallow foundation, Dynamic analysis
Triandafilidis’s solution, Wallace’s solution, Chummar’s solution.
SECTION
B
Types
of machine foundations, General requirements of machine foundation, Design
criteria.
Foundations of reciprocating machines
modes of vibrations, Linear elastic weightless spring method, elastic half
space method, Effect of footing shape on vibration response, Dynamic response
of embedded block foundation.
Foundation of impact type machines
dynamic procedure for hammer foundations, Foundation of rotary machine – design
criteria, Two dimensional analysis  Resonant method, Amplitude method and
combined method.
Vibration isolation methods of
isolation in machine foundations, Isolating materials and their properties
Constructional details of machine
foundations
Practical Contents :
Any eight of following study
experiments / assignments
1. Resonant
column test
2. Ultrasonic
pulse test
3. Cyclic
simple shear test
4. Cyclic
torsional simple shear test
5. Cyclic triaxial
compression test
6. Seismic
bore hole test
7. Vertical
block resonant test
8. Horizontal
block resonant test
9. Cyclic
plate load test
10. Design of
machine foundation for reciprocating machine
11. Design of
machine foundation for impact machine
12. Design of
vibration isolators for machine foundation
References :
1. Richart and Woods  Vibrations of Soils and Foundation
2. Srinivasulu and Vaidynanathan  Handbook of Machine Foundation
3. Swami Saran  Soil Dynamic and Machine Foundation
semester : third
SECTION A
Types of earthen dams – based on
construction materials, Methods of construction, and foundation, Requirements
of good dam site, Causes of failure, Design criteria for safe design, Preliminary
section, Typical cross sections of earthen dams.
Seepage through earthen dam – Laplace
Equation, Pheratic line and its determination for homogeneous and
nonhomogeneous sections under different conditions, Flow net for seepage,
Various methods for constructing flow net, Seepage analysis for uniform and
zoned sections, Methods of Seepage control through embankment and foundation of
earthen dam, Design of impermeable blanket.
Drainage of Earthen dam – Provision of
filters, Design of filter, Surface protections, Relief wells.
SECTION B
Stability analysis – Construction pore
pressure and factors affecting it, Stability of slopes during construction,
Pore pressure measurement – Bishop’s method, Hilf’s method, Approximate method.
Stability of upstream and downstream
slopes – Method of slices, Bishop’s method, Effective stress analysis,
Stability during steady seepage and sudden drawdown
Stability of foundation against shear.
Stability analysis considering
earthquake forces, Design considerations for earth dam in Seismic region..
Embankment construction procedure –
Equipment, Methods of quality control, Instrumentation system for measurement
of various parameters
Case studies of dam failure
Rock fill dams – Types, Characteristics,
Material, foundation, design of dam section, Construction.
Practical Contents :
Any eight of following study
experiments / assignments
1. Design of earthen dam ( Homogeneous section
)
2. Field study of earthen dam
3. Construction of flow net for different
condition of flow through body of dam and its foundation
4. Seepage analysis of earthen dam by flow net
5. Slope stability analysis of earthen dam
6. Design of impervious blanket
7. Design of filter for drainage of earthen
dam
8. Seismic stability of earthen dam
9. Design of rock fill dam
References :
1. Bharat Singh and H.D. Sharma Earth and Rock fill dam
2. Bharat Singh and Varshney R.S. –
engineering for Embankment dams, Oxford
and IBH Publisher Co.
3. J.L. Sherard et al Earth and Earthrock dams , John Wiley and sons.
4. G.F. Sowers  Earth and Rock fill
dam Engineering
5. U.S.B.R. Design of small Dams
SECTION A
Introduction to Rock Mechanics and its
field applications, Identification of common rocks, Physical and mechanical
characteristics of rock material, Field and laboratory testing of rocks,
Classification of rock masses for engineering purpose.
Rock excavation and reinforcement –
Drilling, Blasting, Braking and
cutting, Rock bolting, Rock anchors, Bolted and anchor supports, Rock grouting
 Types of treatment, grouting
material, grouting methods, Grouting design and layout
Stresses in rock mass – Types of
stresses, insitu stress determination methods – Over coning, Flat jack method,
Hydraulic fracturing, Structural Geology and Ground stresses, Stresses around
underground opening, stresses in tunnels and shafts, Strains and deformations
around circular opening, Rheology
Rock strength and Deformability  Modes
of rock failure, Stressstrain behavior in compression, MohrCoulomb failure
criteria, HookBrown criteria, Griffth’s crack theory, Empirical criteria for
failure, Effect of size on strength, Anisotropic rocks, Plane of weakness in
Rocks, Joint orientation and roughness, Deformability of rocks – Elastic and
nonelastic behavior, influence of time on rock deformation, viscous behavior
and creep.
SECTION B
Brittle failure of Rocks – Introduction,
Fracture initiation, Fracture propagation, Rock fracture in compression,
Rupture criteria for brittle rock, Factors affecting rupture behavior of rock.
Ultimate behavior of rock structures –
Plasticity and resistance of rock structure, Principle of limit equilibrium
method, analysis of general slip surfaces, Approximate methods for two
dimensional limit equilibrium analysis, Structural discontinuities in rock
masses and progressive failure, Water pressure and resistance of rock
structures.
Rock foundations  Allowable bearing
pressures, Stress and deflection in rock under footing, Failure mechanisms,
Subsiding and swelling rocks, Base heave and remedies, foundation anchoring
Rock slopes – Modes of failure,
Factors affecting, Analysis of slopes
Underground opening  Opening in
competent rock, horizontally layered rocks and rock with inclined layers,
Plastic behavior around tunnels, time dependent behavior of tunnels,
underground opening in blocky rocks Block theory, Review of design methods of
tunnels – Empirical and semiempirical methods, Support and stabilisation
Practical Content :
Minimum eight experiments /
assignments of the following:
1. Brazilian
tensile strength test
2. Point
load strength test
3. Slake
durability test
4. Flat
jack test
5. Unconfined
compression test
6. Triaxial
compression test
7. Large
box direct shear test
8. Field
shear test
9. Hydraulic
fracturing test
10. Design
and testing of Rock Bolt
11. Tunnel
Jacking test
References :
1. R.E. Goodman – Rock Mechanics , John
Wiley and Sons
2. G. Hergel – Stresses in Rocks – A.A.
Balkema Publishers
3. J.A. Franklin and M.B. Dusseault – Rock
Engineering McGraw Hill International Editions
4. J.A. Franklin and M.B. Dusseault – Rock
Engineering Applications  McGraw
Hill Inc.
5. K.G. Stagg and O.C. Zienkiewicz – Rock
Mechanics in Engineering Practice John
Wiley and Sons
6. Koerner R.M. – Construction and
Geotechnical Methods in Foundation Engineering, McGraw Hill Book company.
*******
semester : fourth
SECTION A
Overview of Geosynthetics materials,
Types of geosynthetics, Functions, Applications of geosynthetics in engineering
field
Geotextiles – Types, Physical,
Mechanical, Hydraulic, Constructability and durability properties, Test
methods, Requirements of geotextiles as reinforcement, Applications of
geotextiles.
Geogrids  Physical and mechanical
properties, Test methods, Geogridsoil interaction.
Geomembranes – Physical, Chemical, and
Mechanical properties, Current uses
Erosion control – Wind erosion, Rain
water erosion, Use of geotextile, Geotextile beneath rock riprap, Geotextile
filters – Design criteria, Construction criteria, Erosion control measures
using Geogrids, Erosion control
mattresses, Geotextile silt fences for erosion control.
SECTION B
Bearing capacity improvement – Soil mass
reinforcement geometry, Mechanism, Modes of failure (Binquet and Lee theory),
Foundation on soil with geotextile reinforcement, Design procedure.
Pavement construction using Geotextile –
Mode of action, design methods, Construction methods.
Reinforced retaining walls – Geotextile
reinforced walls – Construction procedure, Analysis, Design, Design of gabion
walls using Geotextile, Geogrid soil walls – Construction, Design
Filtration and drainage using geotextile
– Geotextile chimney drains and their design.
Containment systems using geomembarne –
Liquid containment, Solid containment.
Stabilisation using geogrid mattresses –
Principle, Design, Construction
References :
1. G. V. Rao and Raju  “Engineering with Geosynthetics”  G.V.S.S.,
Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi
2. R. M. Koerner and Welsh J.P.  “Construction and
Geotechnical Engineering using Synthetic Fabrics”  John Willey and Sons
3. B. M. Das – “Principle of Foundation
Design”
4. R. M. Koerner – Construction and
Geotechnical Methods in Foundation engineering
– McGraw Hill Book Company.
4SPCGE2 electiveI
(1)
GEOENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING
SECTION
A
Identification, Characterization and
regulatory requirements for disposal of hazardous, nonhazardous and domestic
waste
Sources and effects of subsurface
contamination, Physical, Chemical and biological characteristics of solid
waste, Soilwaste interaction
Cation exchange reactions and effect of
pollutants on soil properties
Erodability of soil in relation to
moisture content, Containment transport, Laboratory and field evaluation of
permeability, Factors affecting, Design of dewatering.
Waste management – Recycling,
Composting, Insiration, and various
disposal methods, Site selection, Leachet collection and detection system
SECTION
B
Types of land fills – Silting criteria,
Waste containment principle, Types of barrier materials, Planning and design
aspects relating to waste disposal in landfills
Landfills – Ash ponds and Tailing ponds
and in rocks, Environmental monitoring around landfills – Detection, Control
and remediation of subsurface containment, Engineering properties and
geotechnical reuse of waste, Demolition of waste etc., Reclamation of old waste
dumps, Regulation, Case studies
Single and double lined landfill,
Applications of Geosynthetics in waste disposal design, Landfill construction,
Construction quality control and performance monitoring.
References
:
1. R. N. Fong
– Geoenvironmental Engineering – Contaminated soil, Pollutant Fate and
Mitigations – CRC
2. A.O.M.
Mohamad – Geoenvironmental engineering – Elsevier Publications
3. Mohamad
and Warkentin – Principles of Containment Transport in Soils – Elsevier
Publications
4. R.K.
Shrivastawa – Environment Geotechnique, ISRMTT, New Delhi.
4SPCGE2 electiveI
(2)
OFFSHORE STUCTURE ENGINEERING
SECTION A
Design loads and forces on offshore
structures – Wind forces, Wave forces, Current forces, Live loads, Impact,
Nature and magnitude of loads on foundation of offshore structures, Criteria of
foundation design in offshore environment.
Gravity platforms – General features,
Suitability, Features of foundation, Geotechnical design of gravity platforms –
General aspects, Foundation stability, Foundation failure modes,, Bearing
capacity and settlement under dynamic loads, Immediate and long term behavior.
Platforms – Catwalks, Heliports, Tender
platform, Template platform, Template platforms, Tower type template platform,
Production platform, Quarter platforms, Flare tower – Fabrication and
installation
Manifold platforms – General features,
Suitability, Constructional details
Tower platform – General features,
Suitability, Caissons walls, and skirts, Caissons, Cell dome, Shafts
SECTION
B
Floating structures – Tension leg
platforms
Deck structures – Design loads
Construction and installation of
offshore structures
Foundation of offshore structures – Soil
investigation techniques
Pile foundations for offshore structures
– Static analysis of axially loaded offshore pile, Analysis of pile and pile
group under dynamic loads, Lateral pile load analysis, Prediction of pile
behavior, Techniques of offshore piling for various structures, Pile behavior
under cyclic lateral load, Development of py curves.
References
:
1. W.J. Graff – Introduction to Offshore structures, Gulf Publishing Company.
2. Thomas Teleford Ltd. London : Design
of Offshore structures  Proceedings on Conference on development in the design and construction of offshore
structures , 1983
electivei
SECTION A
Introduction to SoilFoundation
interaction  Idealized soil behavior, Foundation behavior, interface behavior.
Idealised soil response model for
analysis of soil foundation interaction – Elastic models of soil behaviour
 The Winklers model, Elastic continuum
models, Twoparameter elastic models,
Elastic plastic and time dependent behaviour of soil masses – elasticplastic
behaviour, time dependent behaviour
Planestrain analysis of an infinite
plate and an infinitely long beam – Bernoulli’sEuler beam theory and its
modifications, Plain strain analysis of the finite plate problem, Reissner’s
method of analysis of the infinite plate problem, Deflection of an infinite
plate on a Winkler medium.
SECTION
B
The analysis of beams of finite length
– Finite beams on a Winkler medium, Finite beams on a twoparameter elastic
medium, Finite beams on an elastic solid medium, approximate methods,
Classification of finite beams in relation to their stiffness
Analysis of finite plate –
Axisymmetric loading of a circular plate, Analysis of rigid circular plate,
analysis of rectangular plate, Plate resting on an elastic half space –
Approximate method of analysis
Experimental investigation and field
studies – Stress measurement beneath rigid footings, flexible beam and raft
foundation
Limit analysis of pile groups with
lateral soil reaction.
Seismic design provisions for soil
structure interaction
References :
1. Selvadurai A. P. S. – Elastic Analysis of
oil Foundation Interaction, Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company.
electiveiI
ENGINEERING
SECTION
A
Standard discrete system, Stiffness
matrices, Assembly and analysis of a structure, Boundary conditions
Direct formulation, Displacement
approach as a minimization of total potential energy, Relation to RayleighRitz
method, Galerkin’s method, Convergence criteria, Nonconfirming elements and
Patch test
Plane stress and plain strain analysis –
Element characterization and some applications, Axisymmetric stress analysis 
Element characterization and some applications, Element shape functions – 2D
elements, Pascal triangle
Rectangular element family, Lagrange
family, Serendipity family, Internal nodes and nodeless variables, Triangular
element family – area coordinates, shape functions, Constant strain triangles,
1D and 3D elements – Rectangular prism, Tetrahedral elements
Interface elements, Hierarchical shape
functions, coordinate transformations, Generation of finite element meshes by
mapping
SECTION B
Computer programming for FEM – Data
input module, Flow chart, Subroutines for assemble, Shape functions, Mesh
generation, Stiffness matrix, Solution of simultaneous linear algebraic
equation.
Analysis of field Geotechnical Problems
by Finite element solutions  Beam on elastic foundation, Mat foundation, Ring
foundation, Pile foundation, Braced excavations, Sheet pile walls, Stability of
slopes, Stress and deformations in embankments, Seepage analysis, 1D
consolidation.
References :
1. C. S. Desai and J. F. Abel – Introduction
to Finite Element Method – Sarita Prakashan, Delhi.
2. Reddy – Introduction to Finite Element
Method – McGraw Hill Book company
3. T.P. Chandrupatla and A. D. Belegundu 
Introduction to Finite Elements in Engineering – Prentice Hall of India Pvt.
Ltd
4. O.C. Zienkiewicz  The Finite element
method – Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company Ltd.
5. Hinton E. and D. R. J. Owen  An introduction
to Finite Element Computation, Swansea, Great Briton Pinneridge Press
6. Hinton E. and D. R. J. Owen  Finite Element Programming, London
Academic 1977
7. C.S. Krishnamurthy  Finite Element
analysis Theory and programming
8. J.E. Bowles  Foundation Analysis and
Design, McGraw Hill book Company
electiveiI
SECTION
A
Introduction to Earthquake – Earthquake
elements, Sources of earthquake, Mechanics of tectonic earthquake.
Basic earthquake principles – Focus and
epicenter, Seismic waves – Origin, Wave types, Propagation, Velocity,
Characteristics
Common earthquake effects – Ground
motion, Detecting and recording – Seismographs, Earthquake strength
measurement, Seismic risk maps, Attenuation, Amplification, Influencing
factors, Ground amplification factors.
Recurrence and forecasting of earthquake
– Statistical analysis and recurrence equation, Early warning indicators
Earthquake structural damage – Surface
effects on geological environment, Faulting, Fault activity, Fault
displacement, Rupture length, Attenuation from fault, Seismicity maps and
tectonic structure
Soil behavior under cyclic strain  Soil
reaction to dynamic loads, Cyclic shear related to earthquake, Characteristic
shear modulus and damping ratio
SECTION
B
Liquefaction – Liquefaction phenomenon,
Mechanism of liquefaction, Different laboratory tests – Dynamic triaxial test,
Cyclic simple shear test, Standard curves and corelations for liquefaction,
Evaluation of zones of liquefaction in field, Vibration table studies, Field
blast studies, Factors affecting liquefaction, Evaluation of liquefaction
potential, Damage susceptibility, Predicting the liquefaction potential,
Antiliquefaction measures.
Bearing capacity analysis for earthquake
Earthquake induced settlement
Slope stability analyses for earthquake
– Analytical methods of dynamic analysis for earth dam and embankments
Stability of earthen dam during
earthquake – Types of damage, Response analysis of embankment dams –
viscoelastic response analysis, Jai Krisna approach, Seed and Martin approach,
Development of deformation analysis – Goodman and Seed approach, Seed approach
to nonfreedraining and cohesive soils, Design recommendations and precautions
Retaining wall analysis for earthquake
Site improvement methods – Grading and
other soil improvement methods, Foundation alternatives to mitigate earthquake
effects
References
:
1. Steven L. Kramer – Geotechnical Earthquake
Engineering , Prentice Hall
2. Robert W. Day – Geotechnical earthquake
Engineering Handbook – McGraw Hill Professionals
3. Swamy Saran – Soil Dynamic and Machine
Foundations
4. Roy E. Hunt – Geotechnical Engineering
Investigation Manual – McGraw Hill Book Company
5. Bharat Singh and R.S. Varshney –
Engineering for Embankment Dams – Oxford and IBH Publishing Coop. Pvt. Ltd.
electiveiI
GEOTECHNICAL
ENGINEERING
SECTION A
Pile foundation  Pile driving
equipment – Hammer, Pile drivers and other accessory equipment, Construction of
precast and castinsitu piles
Cofferdams  Sheet piling in
cofferdams – Setting and driving, Length and penetration, splicing, Extraction,
Scaling to existing structures, Bracing systems – Circular cofferdams,
Rectangular cofferdams, Setting, Bracing, Removing bracing, Excavation –
Predredging, Excavation inside cofferdams
Pile driving within the cofferdam –
Bottom seal – Resistance to uplift, Seal construction by bucket method, Seal
construction by Tremic method, Seal construction by grout intrusion method,
Dewatering – Pumping, other dewatering methods, Cofferdam difficulties –
Cofferdam destroyed by surge, Cofferdam bottom blows, Improper sheet pile
sections and bracing, Sheet pile stopped by boulders, Buckling of long struts,
Improper procedure in unstable soil, Scour and poor Tremicconcrete procedures,
problems with Tremic.Box Caissons – General considerations, Site and foundation
preparation, fabrication, Launching and Towing, Setting, Concreting
SECTION B
Open Caissons – General
considerations, Cutting edges, Setting, Construction of steining, sinking,
Tipping and sliding, completing and installation, Construction of Pneumatic
Caissons
Rock excavation – Evaluation and
planning, Drilling equipment, Blast design – Criteria for design, Selection of
explosive, Blast hole design, Blasting round design, Over break Control – Line
drilling, Presplitting, Trim blasting, Loading and hauling equipment
Tunneling in solid rocks – Means of
excavation in solid rocks, Fullface tunneling without support, Fullface
tunneling with support
Tunneling in moderately firm rocks and
ground – Classical or mining method, Single stage mining method, Multistage
classical method of tunneling, Sinking caisson method, Shield tunneling method,
tunneling by Tunnel boring machines, Types of TBM
References :
1. John . Havers and Frank W. Stubbs –
Handbook of Heavy Construction, McGraw Hill Book company
2. Karoly Szechy, Akademaiai, Kiado Budapest
– The Art of Tunneling
3. Rolt Hammond – Modern Foundation Methods.
semester : fifth & sixth
A dissertation on recent trends in Geotechnical Engineering to be
submitted.
Seminar shall be delivered on the dissertation submitted.
Marks shall be based on Seminar and VivaVoce on disseratation.
*****
electrical engineering
(electrical power system ) examination (part
time)
semester : first
1
seps 1 power
system optimization
sectiona
1) Introduction
to optimization and classical optimization techniques
2) Linear
Programming :
Standard
form, geometry of LPP, Simplex Method pf solving LPP, revised simplex method,
duality, decomposition principle, and transportation problem.
3) NonLinear
Problem (NLP) :
One
dimensional methods, Elimination methods, Interpolation methods
4) NonLinear
Programming(NLP):
Unconstrained
optimization techniquesDirect search and Descent methods, constrained
optimization techniques, direct and indirect methods
SectionB
5) Dynamic
Programming:
Multistage
decision processes, concept of suboptimization and principle of optimality,
conversion of final value problem into an initial value problem.
6) CPM
and PERT
7) Genetic
Algorithm:
Introduction
to genetic Algorithm, working principle, coding of variables, fitness function.
GA operators; Similarities and differences between Gas and traditional methods;
Unconstrained and constrained optimization using Genetic Algorithm, real coded
gas, Advanced Gas, global optimization using GA.
8) Applications
to Power system:
Economic
Load Dispatch in thermal and Hudrothermal system using GA and classical
optimization techniques, Unit commitment problem, reactive power optimization.
optimal power flow, LPP and NLP techniques to Optimal flow problems.
References:
1.
"Optimization  Theory and
Applications", S.S.Rao, WileyEastern Limited
2.
"Introduction of Linear and
NonLinear Programming ", David G. Luenberger, Wesley Publishing Company
3. "Computational
methods in Optimization ", Polak, Academic Press
4.
"Optimization Theory with
Applications" Pierre D.A., Wiley Publications
5.
"Optimization for Engineering
Design: Algorithms and Examples", Kalyanmoy deb, PHI Publication
6.
"Genetic Algorithm in Search
Optimization and Machine Learning ", D.E. Goldberg, AddisionWesley
Publication, 1989
7.
"Advanced Power System Analysis
and Dynamics " L.P. Singh, Wiley Eastern Limited.
8.
"Power System Analysis ",
Hadi Saadat, TMH Publication.
9.
" Electrical Energy System : An
Introduction ". Olle I.Elewgerd, TMH Publication, New Delhi.
1 SEPS 2 generation planning and load dispatch
section  A
Generation Fossil
fules, Hydropower and Nuclear power generation systems. Chronological Load
Curves, Power duration curve, Integrated duration curve, Hydrography, Flow
duration curve, Mass curve for Hydro Power generations. Coordination of steam,
Hydro and Nuclear power stations. Optimum Generation allocationLine losses
neglected and including the effect of transmission losses for thermal power
generations. Long range and short range Hydro generation scheduling. The short
term and long term Hydrothermal scheduling of generation.
Load
Forecasting & Generation Planning  Classification of loads Load
forecasting methodologyEnergy forecastingpeak demand forecastingWeather
sensitive and Nonweather sensitive forecasting  Total forcast  Annual and Monthly peak demand forecast.
sectionb
Generation
system cost analysis:
Cost
analysis capacity cost, production cost.
Production
analysisproduction costing, production analysis involving nuclear unit,
production analysis involving hydro unit.
Fuel
inventoriesenergy transaction and offpeak energy utilization.
Generation
System Reliability Analysis  probabilistic generating UnitModel and Load
model, effective loadReliability analysis for isolated systemInterconnected
systemReliability analysis of interconnected system.
Load
dispatch & System Communication  Consideration for centralized control
of system operations. Requirements of the central load dispatch centre.
TelementryRemote
control and data transmission, etc.
Power
system reforms, deregulation of electric utilities, energy management &
conservation.
references :
1) Power System Planning  R.L. Sullivan,
McGraw Hill.
2) Economic Control of Interconnected
System Kirchmayers, L.K.,John Wiley and Sons, New York.
3) Generation of Electrical Energy  B.R.
Gupta, Euresia Publishing House Pvt., Ltd., New Delhi.
4) Power System Restructing and Deregulation
 by Loi Lei Lai
5) Restructed Electrical Power Systems  by Mohammad Shahidehopur, Muwaffaq
Alomoush.
6) Privatization, Restructing, and
Regulation of Network Utilities (WalrasPareto Lectures) : by David M. Newbery.
7) Power to the People : Electric Power
Deregulation : An Expose : Jack Duckworth
8) Understanding Electric Utilities and
DeRegulation (Power Engineering) : by Lorrin Philipson, et al
9) Power Generation, Opearion and Control :
A.J. Wood and B.F. Wollenberg:, John Wiley 1996
10) Understanding Electric Utilities and
DeRegulation (Power Engineering) : by Lorrin Philipson, H. Lee Willis, Lorrion
Philipson
11) The End of a Natural Monopoly :
Deregulation and Competition in the Electric Power Industry : by P.Z.Grossman, D.H.
Cole, P.Z. Grossman, D.H. Cole
1SEPS 3 MICROPROCESSOR
and microcontroller
section  a
Overview
of Intel 8085 microprocessor.
8086
: Architecture, instruction including I/O instructions, bus timing diagram,
interrupt structure, ISR minimum and maximum mode, Assembly Language
Programming.
Hardware
and Software debugging aids: 1 Pass and 2 Pass assemblers, cross assemplers,
circuit emulators, simulators, linkers, loaders, compiler, cross compiler,
logic analyzers.
Types
of interfacing devices
Section B
8051 Architecture : 8051
Microcontroller Hardware, Input/Output Pins, ports, and circuits, External
Memory, Counter and Timers, Serial Data input/output, Interrupts
Assembly language programming
concepts : The mechanics of programming, The assembly language programming
process, PAL instructions, Programming tools and techniques, Programming the
8051
Moving Data : Addressing modes,
external data moves, code memory read only data moves, push and pop op codes,
data exchanges
Logical Operations : Byte level
logical operations, bit level logical operations, rorate and swap operations
Arithmetic Opearions : Flags,
incrementing and decrementing, addition, subtraction, multiplication and
division, decimal arithmetic
Jumps and Call Instructions : The
jump and call program range, jumps, calls and subroutines, interrupts and
returns
8051 Microcontroller Design :
Microcontroller specification, microcontroller design, testing the design,
timing subroutines, look up tables for the 8051, serial data transmission
Applications : Keyboard,
displays, pulse measurement, D/A and A/D conversion, multiple interrupts
Serial Data Communication : Network
Configuration, 8051 Data Communication
Books Recommended :
1.
Kenneth J.Ayala, The 8051 Micro Controller : Architecture,
Programming, Penram International, Mumbai.
2.
Intel Embeded Micro Controller Data
Book, Intel Corporation.
3.
D.V.Hall, Microprocessor and Digital
Systems, ELBS Publication, London.
4.
B.P.Singh, Advance Microprocessors
and Micro Controllers, New Age International, New Delhi.
5.
D.V.Hall, Microprocessors and
Interfacing, Tata McGraw Hill Publication, New Delhi.
6.
Y.C.Liu, Gibson, Microcomputer
Systems: the 8086/8088 Family, Architecture, Programming and Design, Prentice
Hall of India Publications, New Delhi.
7.
Lance A. Leventhal, Introduction to
Microprocessor, Software, Hardware and Programming.
8.
Ramesh S.Gaonkar, Microprocessor
Architecture, Programming and Applications with the 8085, Penram International,
Mumbai.
second semester
1SEPS 4 POWER
SYSTEM DYNAMICS
SECTIONA
INTRODUCTION
Reliable electrical power service,
Stability of Synchronous machines, Tieline oscillations, Method of simulation.
Synchronous Machines:
Review od synchronous machine
equations, parameters, Equations in abc phase coordinates and Park's
coordinates, Representation of external system, Low and High orderstate
models, Choice of state variables. Initial state equivalent circuit, Phasor
diagram p.u. reactances.
System Response to Large Disturbances:
System of one machine against infinite
bus, Classical Model, Mechanical and electrical torques, Critical clearing
angle and time, Automatic reclosing, Precalculated Swing curves and their use.
SECTIONB
System Response to Small Disturbances:
Two machine system with negligibe
losses, Clarke diagram for two machine series reactance system, Extention of
Clarke diagram to cover any reactance network, Equation for steady State
Stability limit, TwoMachinesystem with losses, Effect of inertia. Effect of
governor, action, Conservative criterion for stability, Effect of sallency,
saturation and short circuit ratio on steady state power limits.
Regulated Synchronous Machines:
Demagnetising effect of armature
reaction and effect of small speed changes, Modes of oscillations of
unregulated multimachine system. Voltage regulator and governor coach with
delay Distribution of power impacts.
Effect of Excitation on Stability:
Effect of excitation on generator
power limits, transients and dynamic stability, Examination of dynamic
stability by Routh's criterian, Root locus analysis of a regulated machine
connected to an infinite bus. Approximate System representation, Supplementary
Stabilising Signals, Linear analysis of stabillised generator.
references:
1. Synchronous
Machines by C.Concordia, John Wiley & Sons.
2.
Power System Stability by
E.W.Kimbark, Dover Publication, Vol.3
3.
Power System Control & Stability
by Anderson, Galgotia Publ.
4. Power System Stability by S.B. Crary, John Wiley & Sons.
1SEPS 5 DIGITAL
SIGNAL PROCESSING
sectiona
Digital Signal Processing
Characterization & Classification
of Digital Signals. Digital Signal Processing of continuous signals. Discrete
time signals  sequences, representation of signals on orthogonal basis,
sampling, aliasing, quantization & reconstruction of signals.
Discrete systemsattributes,
ztransform, analysis of LTI system. Frequency analysis, inverse systems,
Discrete Fourier transform, Fast Fourier implementation of discrete time
system.
Digital filters  structures,
sampling, recursive, nonrecursive A to D & D to A conversion. FIR, IIR
& lattice filter structures, Design of FIR digital filters. Window method,
ParkMcCellan's method. Design of IIR digital filters. Butterworth, Chebyshev.
sectionb
Elliptic approximations, lowpass,
bandpass, bandstop & highpass filters. Effect of finite register length
in FIR filter design.
Multirate signal
processingmotivationapplication, decimation & interpolation, sample rate
conversion, polyphase implementation of sampling rate conversion, Filter bank
theoryDFT filter banks, Adaptive filtering theory.
DSP Processors and Applications  DSP
Microprocessor architectures, fixed point, floating point precision, algorithm
design, mathematical, structural and numerical constraints, DSP programming,
filtering, data conversion; communication applications. Real time processing
considerations including interrupts.
Refernce Books :
1. J.G.Proakis and D.G.Manolakis 'Digital
Signal Processing Principles, Algorithm and Applications' Prentice Hall 1997
2. A.V.Oppenheim, R.W.Schafer, 'Discrete
Time Signal Processing' John Wiley.
3. J.R. Johnson, ' Introduction to Digital
Signal Processing Prentice Hall 1992
4. D.J.Defatta, J.G.Dulas. Hodgekiss,
'Digital Signal Processing' J. Wiley and Sons Singapore, 1988
5. L.R.Rabiner & B. Gold  'Theory & Applications of Digital Signal Processing', Prentice Hall, 1992
1 SEPS 6 POWER
SYSTEM LAB.I
Indentify and perform minimum 16
(sixteen) experiments based on syllabus of subjects form SemesterI.
******
third
semester
2Seps1 advanced
power system protection
sectiona
Review of principles of power system
equipments protection, cinfiguration of various solid state protection scheme,
evaluation of digital relays from electromechanical relays, performance &
operational characteristics of digital protection, Basic elements of digital
filtering, analog multiplexers, conversions of system: the sampling theorem,
signal aliasing error, sample & hold circuit, multiplexers, analog to
digital conversion, digital filtering concepts, A digital relay. Hardware &
Software.
section  b
Mathematical background to
protectional algorithm, first derivative (Mann & Morrison) algorithm,
Fourier algorithm full cycle window algorithm, fractional cycle window
algorithm, Walsh function based algorithm, least square based algorithm,
differential equation based algorithm, travelling wave based technique. Digital
differential protection of transformer, digital line differential protection,
recent advances in digital protection of power system.
Books Recommended :
1)
Digital Protection for Power System
: A.T.Johns and S.K.Salman, Peter, Published by Peter Peregrinus Ltd. on behalf
of the IEE, London, U.K.
2)
Power System Protection and
Switchgear : Badri Ram and D.N.Vishvakarma, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi.
3)
Transmission Network Protection :
Theory and Practice, Y.G.Paithankar, Marcel Dekker, New York, U.S.A.
4)
Fundamentals of Power System
Protection : Y.G.Paithankar and S.R. Bhide, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi.
2 Seps 2 high
voltage transmission
sectiona
Introduction of EHVAC transmission,
Tower configuration, Thermal ratings of lines & cables, circuit breakers,
insulators for A.C. transmission, Voltage gradients of conductors, Cuona
effects, power loss & audible noise, radio interferences, electrostatic
field of transmission lines, Insulation characteristics of ling air gaps.
Design of EHV lines based upon steady state limits, transient overvoltages
& voltage stability, series shunt compensation, active & reactive power
flow control, basics of static VAR compensators.
sectionb
H.V.D.C. Transmission:
General aspects of comparison between
HVDC & HVDC transmission schemes and terminal station layout.
Operation of converters as rectifier
and as an inverter. Equivalent circuit and operating chart of converter.
Control of the converters ( ccc &
cca ) Harmonics and its control, faults
protection of line and terminal equipment.
Parallel operation of HVDC and AC,
Multiterminal HVDC Systems
reference books :
1. Weedy,
B.M. : Electric Power Systems, John Wiley & Sons.
2. EHV Transmission Line Refernce Book :
Edison Electric Inst.
3. Adamson, C & Hingorani N.G. . HVDC
Power Transmission, Garraway Publications.
4. Kimbark, E.W. : Direct Current
Transmission, Vol.I, John Wiley & Sons.
5. Uhlman, E. : Transmission by D.C.
6. Rakosh
Das Beganudre : Extra High Voltage AC Transmission Engineering.
2 SEPS 3 POWER
SYSTEM MODELLING & CONTROL
sectionA
Transient
response and concept of stability in Electrical Power System.
Modelling
of Power System.
Control
of voltage, frequency and tieline power flows, Qv and Pf control loops,
mechanism of real and reactive power control.
Mathematical
model of speed govening system. Turbine governor contrate as affecting the
power system dynamics. Transion and steady state response in the interconnected
power systems. (multimedia systems). Excitation systems. Transformation model
of exciter system. Analysis using block diagrams. Power systems stabilizers.
Dynamic
stability (small disturbances), effect of exitation control and turbine
dyanmics, characteristic equation, method of analysis of the stability of power
system.
Multimachine
systems, Flux decay effects.
Multimachine
systems with constant impedance loads, matrix representation of a passive network
in the transient state, converting to a common reference frame. Converting
machine coordinates to system reference, relation between machine current and
voltages, system order, machine represented by classical methods, multimachines
systems study.
sectionb
Net
interchange tieline bias control. Optimal, suboptimal and decentralised
controllers. Discrete mode AGC. Time 
error and inadvertent interchange correction techniques. Online computer
control. Distributed digital control.
Data acquisition systems. Emergency control, preventive control, system, system
wide optimization, SCADA.
Self
excited electromechanical osillations in power system and the means for
control.
REFERENCES :
1) V.Venlkov : Transient Processes in
Electrical Power System, Mir Publication, Moscow.
2) Olle I.Elgard : Electric Energy Systems
Theory, Tata McGraw Hill Pub. Co., New Delhi.
3) Anderson P.M. & Foaud A.A. : Power
System Control and Stability, Galgotia Pub.
4) Nagrath I.J., Kothari D.P. : Modern Power
System Analysis, Tata McGraw Hill Pub. Co., New Delhi.
fourth semester
2SEPS 4 COMPUTER
METHODS IN POWER
SYSTEM ANALYSIS
SECTION  A
1.
Representation of power systems for
computerised analysis: Mathematical models of synchronous generator for steady
state and transient analysis, Transformer with tap changer, transmission line,
phase shifter and loads.
2.
Topology of Electric Power
SystemNetwork Graphs, Incidence matrices, fundamental loop and cutest
matrices,primitive impedance and admittance matrices, equillibrium equations of
networks. Singular and nonsingular transformation of network matrices.
3.
Formation of bus impedence and
admittance matrices by algorithm  Modification of bus impedence and admittance
matrix to account for change in networks. Derivation of loop impedance matrix.
Three phase network
elementstransformation matrix incidance and network matrices for three phase
network. Algorithm for formulation of 3  phase bus impedence matrix.
SECTIONB
4.
Short Circuit Studies : Three phase
network, Symmetrical components. Thevenin's theorem and short circuit analysis
of multinode ower systems using bus impedance matrix. Short circuit
calculations for balanced and unbalanced short circuits bus impedenace and look
impedance matrices.
5.
Load flow studies : Sleek bus, loop
buses, voltage control buses, Load flow equations, Power flow model using bus
admittance matrix, Power flow solution through GaussSeidal and NR methods 
sensitivity analysis, Second order NR method, fast mecouple load flow method 
Sparsity of matrix. Multiarea power flow analysis with the line control.
6.
Stability studies of Power System 
Development of mathematical model for multimachine system stability
analysisFormation of equations and method of solution. Transient stability
analysis including synchronous machines, system network and loads.
Solution of state equation by modified
Eular method and solution of network equations by GaussSeidal interactive
method.
REFERNCE BOOKS :
1)
Computer Methods in Power System
Analysis : G.W.Stage A.H.Elabiad, McGraw Hill Book Co.
2)
Computer Techniques in Power System
Analysis : M.A. Pai, Tata McGraw Hill Publication.
3)
Electric Energy System Theory :
O.I.Elgard, Tata McGraw Hill Publication.
4)
Computer Aided Power System
Operation and Analysis: R.N.Dhar, Tata McGraw Hill Publication.
5)
Modern Power System Analysis : I.J.Nagrath,
D.E.Kothar, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi.
2SEPS 5 FACTS AND POWER QUALITY
SECTIONA
Steady state and
dynamic problems in AC systems, Flexible AC transmission systems (FACTS),
principles of series shunt compensation, description of static var compensation
(SAC), thyristor controlled series compensation (TCSC) static phase shitters
(SPS), static condenser (STATCON), static synchronous series compensator (SSSC)
and unified power flow controller (UPFC), modelling and analysis of FACTS
controllers, control strategies to improve system stability.
SECTIONB
Power quality problems in distribution
systems, Harmonics, Harmonics creating loads, modelling, harmonic
propagation,series and parallel resonance, harmonic power flow, mitigation of
harmonics, filters,passive filters, active filters,shunt and series hybrid
filters, voltage sag ans swells, voltage flicker, mitigation of power quality
problems using power electronics conditioners, IEEE standards.
Books
Recommended :
1)
G.T.Heydt : Power Quality, Stars in
a Circle Publication, Indiana, 1991.
2)
E.J.E.Miller : Static Reactive Power
Compensation, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1982.
3)
Recent Publications on Power Systems
and Power Delivery.
2 SEPS 6 POWER
SYSTEM LAB.II
Identify and perform minimum 16
(sixteen) experiments based on syllabus of subjects form SemesterII.
*****
FIFTH SEMESTER
3 SEPS 1 SEMINARI AND
DISSERTATION
(As per given scheme)
*****
SIXTH SEMESTER
4 SEPS 1 SEMINARII
AND DISSERTATION
(As per given
scheme)
*****
mechanical engineering
(THERMAL POWER ENGINEERING)
(PART TIME)
SEMESTER : FIRST
1S PMTE1 ADVANCED MATHEMATICS
1. PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS: 
Formation of partial
differential equations, solution of Lagrange’s form Pp + Qq =R; Linear partial
differential equations with constant coefficients and its solution,
complimentary function and particular integral.
2. APPLICATIONS OF PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL
EQUATIONS
Method of separation of variables,
solution of wave equation, one dimensional and two dimensional heat flow
equation in steady state (Lap lace equation) and its solution.
3. STATISTICS: 
Method of least squares, curve fitting
by graphical method. Corelation. Regression, Probability distribution.
Binomial, Poisson’s and Normal Distribution.
4. INTERPOLATION: 
Newton’s interpolation formulae,
Newton’s and Gauss’s forward and backward interpolation formulae, Interpolation
with unequal intervals, Lagrange’s formula for unequal intervals. Newton’s
divided difference formula. Inverse interpolation
5. NUMERICAL METHODS
Numerical integration: NewtonCote’s
formula, Trapezoidal rule, Simpson’s one third and three eighth rule, Waddle’s
rule. Numerical solution of ordinary differential equations. Taylor’s series,
RungeKutta and Euler’s method. Milne’s corrector method.
6. OPTIMIZATION TECHNIQUES.
Linear programming, formulation of
problem, simplex method, Duality concept and principle, dual simplex method.
NOTE: Tutorials
to be prepared on each unit using MATLAB programming.
Books recommended:
1. Advance Engineering Mathematics (VII and VIII edition) by Erwin Kreyszig
2. Operation Research by Premkumar Gupta and
D.S.Hira
3. A Text Book on Engineering Mathematics by
Bali.Saxena,Iyenger
4 Fundamentals of Statestics by S.C.Gupta
5. Higher Engineering Mathematics by
B.S.Grewal
6. Advanced Engineering Mathematics by H.K.Dass
1S PMTE 2 Advanced Thermodynamics
Introduction
and Overview: Introductory Concepts
and Preliminaries; Properties of Pure Substances; Energy and the First Law of
Thermodynamics, Energy Transfer by Heat, Work, and Mass; Second Law of
thermodynamics, Entropy: A Measure of Disorder.
Exergy:
A Measure of Work Potential. Exergy Analysis: Frame of reference; Ambient
State, Dead state; Convertible energy and Maximum work; Derivation of Exergy
and Exalpy; Chemical Energy, Exergy from Heat and Work, Exergetic Efficiency,
Generation of Entropy, Anergy. (Standard Terminology Reference: Paper
on Exergy Analysis by G Lucca in Hand Book Acc. No. 18243 “A future for Energy:
Flower’ 90”)
The
two Laws combined: Review on some
consequences of first Law, Limitations of first Law, Thermodynamic Temperature
Scale, Practical Temperature Measurement, Clausius Clapeyron Equation, Stefan’s
Law. Helmholtz and Gibbs Functions, Availability in Steady Flow,
Irreversibility and Effectiveness, Combined First and Second Laws, Isothermal
and Adiabatic Compressibility; JouleKelvin Coefficient Maxwell Equation, Vander
wall’s Gas Equation; Equilibrium among Phases of a Pure Substances.
Multi Phase Systems: General considerations,
Dalton & Amagat Model, Mixture of gases and vapors. Changes in Molal
Properties upon Mixing, Gibbs entropy Equation and Gibbs Duhem Equation.
Chemically Reactive systems: Thermodynamics
of reactive Systems and Criterion of Equilibrium, Phase rule. Combustion
Process, Enthalpy of formation; First Law Analysis of Reacting Systems; Second
Law analysis of Reacting Systems, Equilibrium Constant and its temperature
Dependence.
Thermodynamic Optimization: Exergy analysis
of Vapor and Gas Power Cycles, Guideline for improving Thermodynamic
Effectiveness; Exergy analysis of Simple Power Plant (Steam Plant) or Energy
efficiency of Industrial Production Schemes (e.g. Helium Liquefaction System);
Introduction to: Irreversible Thermodynamics
and Thermodynamics of HighSpeed Gas Flow.
BOOKS:
1. Advanced
Engineering Thermodynamics Adrian Bejan Wiley
N Y 2^{nd} Ed. ISBN 0471148806
2. Advanced
Engineering Thermodynamics Benson R S Pergamon, Oxford
3. Methods
Of Thermodynamics, by Reiss H, Pub.
Blaisdell N Y
4. CRC
handbook of Thermal Engg Kreith; Frank CRC ISBN 084939581x
5. Analysis
of Energy Efficiency of Industrial Processes Stepanov, Vladimir S. Springer
Verlag ISBN 038754080
6. An
introduction to statistical thermodynamics Terrel L Hill
7. Fundamentals
of classical Thermodynamics,Van Wylen, Sonntag, Borgnakke, John Wiley
8. Thermodynamics
, K E Wark, McGH
9. Thermodynamics
for Engrs, B V Karlekar, Prentice Hall
10. Cycles
And Performance Estimation Hodge J Butterworth London
11. Availability
Analysis Moran M J Prentice Hall
12. The
Exergy Method of System Analysis J E Ahern
WielyInterscience N Y
13. Technical
Thermodynamics Bosnjakovic ; Pub Blacksher N Y
14. Applied
Thermodynamics Babits G Allen & Bacon , Boston
1S PMTE 3 FLUID DYNAMICS
1. Fluid flow concepts, Euler’s equations of
motion, Navier stoke equation, equation of continuity, Rotational irrotational
flows, potential and stream functions, and flow nets circulations. Velocity.
2. Basic function Uniform stream, sink,
vertex doublet superposition of functions, flow over half bodies, Rankine
bodies, circular cylinder, Magnus effect.
3. Conformation Mapping – Simple
transformation and inverse transformations.
4. Boundary layer, theory for laminar and
Turbulent flow, Blasius solution for flat plate, approximate methods, boundary
layer separation and control, effect of roughness.
5. Turbulent flow, Semi empirical theories
of turbulence, eddy viscosity, Prandtl’s mixing length theory, Kerman’s
similarity hypothesis, Taylor’s Verticity transfer theory.
6. Review of one dimensional compressible
flow, approximation to two and three dimensional such as sonic, supersonic
flows, small perturbation Theory, Shock Waves, Prandtl Mayors equation.
Books recommended:
1) Foundation of Fluid Dynamics –YUAN
2) Advanced Fluid Dynamics – BINDER
3) Dynamics and Thermodynamics –SHAPIROO.
(For compressible flow Vol. I +II)
4) Boundary Layer Theory – SCHLICHTING.
5) Fluid Dynamics – PAO.
6) Fluid Dynamics – SHAMES
7) Recent Advances in Fluid Mechanics
Editors P L Sachdev, M Venkatchalappa.( Gordon & Breach science Publishers)
8) Physical
fluid Dynamics, D J Trinton, Oxford Science Pub
9) An
Introduction to Fluid Dynamics, By G K Batchelor, Cambridge Mathematical
Library
SEMESTER : SECOND
2S PMTE1 ADVANCED HEAT TRANSFER
Introduction
to basic fundamentals, two dimensional heat conduction, graphical and numerical
analysis, unsteady state heat conduction, Transient numerical methods.
Convection heat transfer, free and forced convection
corelations, combined free and forced convection.
Radiation processes and properties, radiation exchange
between surfaces, gas radiation, radiation network.
Condensation and boiling heat transfer, transpiration
cooling, ablation. Heat pipe classification, construction and application
Books:
1. Heat
Transfer by J.P. Holman, Tata MacGraw Hill Publication
2. Heat
Transfer by S.P. Sukhatme, Tata MacGraw Hill Publication
3. Heat and
Mass Transfer by Eckert and Drake, Tata MacGraw Hill Publication
4. Principles
of Heat Transfer by Kreith and Bohn, P.W.S. Publishing Company.
5. Convective
heat & mass transfer by Kays and Crawford, Tata MacGraw Hill Publication.
6. Radiation
Heat Transfer by E.M. Sparrow and R.D. Cess, Tata MacGraw Hill Publication.
7. Heat
Transfer by Karlekar, P.H.I. Publication
8. Computer
aided heat transfer analysis by Adams J.A. & Roger D.F. Tata MacGraw Hill
Publication.
9. Introduction
to Convective Heat Transfer analysis by Patrick Oosthuizen, Queens University,
Tata MacGraw Hill Publication.
10. Heat
transfer handbook, Nichola P. Chereminioff, Jaico Publishing House.
11. Heat pipe
theory application by S. W. Chi
12. Advances
in Heat Pipe Technology by Reay.
2S PMTE 2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
1. Research Concept: Concept, meaning,
objectives, motivation; Types of research, approaches (descriptive research,
conceptual, theoretical, applied, and experimental research)
2. Formulation of Research Task:
Literature Review: importance & methods, sources, qualification of cause
effect relations, discussions, field study, laboratory experiments, critical analysis of already generated
facts, hypothetical proposal for future development and testing, selection of
research task, prioritization of research.
3. Mathematical Modeling and Simulation:
concept of modeling, classification of mathematical models, modeling with
ordinary differential equations, differential equations, partial differential
equations, graphs. Simulation concept, types (quantitative, experimental,
computer, fuzzy theory, statistical), process of formulation of model based on
simulation.
4. Experimental Modeling:
a. Definition
of experimental design, examples, single factor experiments, blocking and
nuisance factors, guidelines for designing experiments.
b. General
model of process: Input factors/variables, Output parameters/variables,
controllable/ uncontrollable variables, dependent/ independent variables,
compounding variables, extraneous variables; experimental validity.
c. Process
optimization, designed experiments: methods for study of response surface,
First order design. Determining optimum combination of factors, determination
of steepest ascent, Taguchi approach to parameter design.
5. Analysis of results (Parametric
and Non parametric, Descriptive and Inferential Data): types of data,
collection of data (normal distribution, calculation of correlation
coefficient), processing analysis, error analysis, meaning, and different
methods; analysis of variance, significance of variance, analysis of co variance,
multiple regression, testing linearity/ non linearity of model, testing
adequacy of model, testing model/hypothesis.
6. Report writing: types of report,
layout of research report, interpretation of results, style manuals, layout and
format, style of writing, typing, references, pagination, tables, figures,
conclusions, appendices.
7. Landscape of Creativity: Convergent
Vs. divergent thinking, creativity, creativity Vs. intelligence, creativity
abilities, creativity and madness, determination of creativity, increasing
creativity, creative achievement, techniques
of creativity, collective creativity.
(Term work: Ten Assignments based on
above.)
Books:
1. Willkinson
k, P L Bhandarkar, “Formulation of Hypothesis” Himalaya Pub Mumbai
2. Schank Fr,
“Theories of Engg Experiments”, TMcGH
3. Douglas
Montgomary, Design of experiments”
4. Introduction
to SQC, John Wielly & Sons
5. John W
Besr & James V Kahn, “Research in Education”, PHI Pub
6. Adler
and Granovky, “ Optimization of Engg Experints Mir Pub
7. Cochran
& Cocks, “Experimental design”, John Wielly & sons.
8. S S Rao”
Optimization Theory & Applications”, Wiely Eastern N Delhi
9. C R
Kothari, “Research Methodology”, Wiley Eastern ND
Lab
Practice will constitute laboratory experimentation, design / simulation /
programming assignments, industrial visits etc under Advanced Engineering
Mathematics, Advanced Thermodynamics, Advanced Heat Transfer, and Research Methodology.
SEMESTER : THIRD
3S PMTE1
Modern Energy Sources &
Power
Plant Economics
1. SOLAR ENERGY: 
Fundamentals of heat transfer. Flat
plate and concentrating collectors design, analysis and performance,
applications. Photovoltaic power.
2. WIND, TIDAL, OCEAN, GEOTHERMAL ENERGY:

Applications, Design aspects, Power
generation methods, various cycles and analysis.
3. MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS: 
Design of various components,
analysis, performance and methods of power generation.
4. POWER PLANT ENGINEERING: 
Power plant economics, Advance trends
in Thermal, Nuclear, and Hydel power generation.
Books :
1) Principles
of Solar Thermal Engineering by F.Kreith & J.F.Kreider, McGraw Hill
Publications1978
2) Solar
Engines of thermal Processes by J.A.Duffie and W.A.Beckman, John Wiley &
Sons publication 1999.
3) Applied
Solar Energy by A.B.Meinal & F.P.Meinal, Addison Wesley 1976 publication.
4) Power
Plant Technology by ElWakil, Tata McGraw Hill publication
5) Power
Plant Engineering by Morse.
Introduction, Double pipe heat
exchanger, shell and tube heat exchanger, cross flow heat exchanger, design
considerations, thermal deign of heat exchanger, various designing methods,
performance calculations.
Mechanical design of various
components like shell, tube sheet, nozzles. Selection of material for various
components.
Books:
1. Process Heat Transfer by D.Q. Kern, Tata
MacGraw Hill Publication
2. Heat
Exchanger Design by Frass & Ozisik, John Wiley and Sons, Newyork
3. Convective
Heat transfer by Kays and London, Tata MacGraw Hill Publication
4. ANSI
Standards for pipe and nozzle selection – 1996
5. ASME
Section VIII Division for pressure Vessel and Boiler Design Code – 1995
6. Approximate
sizing of shell and tube heat exchanger, Heat exchanger Design Handbook, by
Kenneth J. Bell, Hemi sphere Publishing Corporation
7. ASME section II, Material Specifications
– 1995
8. Mechanical design of hear exchanger
design & Pressure vessel component,
by Sing K.P. & Soler A. I.;
Arcturus Publishers Cherry Hill
9. Process Heat Exchange by Robert Kern, Tata
MacGraw Hill Publication
10. Heat exchanger Design handbook, Saunders E
A.D., Hemisphere Publishing Corporation 1986
11. Tubular Exchange Manufacturer Association (
TEMA ) 7^{th}
Edition — 1988
Fuels: Suitability of fuels for S.I. Engines, Fuel ratings,
fuel additives.
Alternative
fuels: Alcohols, hydrogen, LPG, CNG,
Gaseous fuels.
Fuel
supply systems, Carburetion, fuel
supply system, Design for low emissions, MPFI, electronic controls,
Theory
of combustion: Working process,
stages of combustion, heat release rates calculations, flame front propagation,
rate of pressure rise, pq diagram, abnormal combustions, S.I. engine cycle
calculations,
Combustion
Chambers: Requirement of C.C. for
S.I. engines. and combustion chambers for MPFI.
Emissions: Theory of emission formation, causes and control,
emission norms, emissions control by engine modifications, emission after
treatment, exhaust system devices, catalytic converters, thermal reactors.
Performance
Characteristics: Variables affecting
performance of S.I. engines, methods of performance improvement, effect of
altitude and ambient conditions on engine performance parameters. Analytical
method of performance estimation, supercharging.
Modern
engine technologies, mean value S.I. Engine modeling, Variable cam timing
engine.
1. Fundamentals of Internal combustion
engines by John. B.Heywood. McGraw hill Publications
2. I.C.Engines by Maleev
3. Internal combustion engines by Benson R.
S. Vol I and Vol II
4. I.C. Engines by Taylor and Taylor
3S PMTE 3 Elective I
(ii) ADVANCED REFRIGERATION
Review
Of Basic Refrigeration Cycles, Reverse Carnot Cycle, Second Law Of
Thermodynamics. Vapor Compression Refrigeration. Standard And Actual Compression Cycle.
Multi Pressure Systems, Refrigeration
Component Matching And System Integration, Thermodynamics of Vapor Absorption
Refrigeration, Non Conventional Refrigeration Systems with elementary analysis.
Properties Of Refrigerants, Green House Effect, Numbering
And Color Coding Of Refrigerants, Recent Trends In Refrigerants. Air as
refrigerant and air refrigeration cycles
Refrigerant Component Matching And Designing Refrigeration
Components Like Compressor, Condenser, Capillary, Condenser Etc.
Reference:
Thermal
Environmental Engineering, Therlkeld J.L., Prentice Hall, NY, 1970.
Refrigeration
& Air Conditioning, Stoecker W.E. & Jones J.W., Tata Mcgraw Hill ,
Refrigeration And Air Conditioning, C.P.Arora, Tata Mcgraw Hill, 1996.
Modern
Refrigeration and Air conditioning (2004) By Andrew Daniel Althouse. Carl
Harold Turnquist (Hardcover Text)
Ashrae
Hand Books, 1994,1995,1996,1997 .
(i) C. I. Engines
Fuels: Suitability
of fuels for C.I. engines; rating of fuels, fuel additives. Alternative fuels:
Alternative fuels such as alcohols, CNG, LPG, Biodiesel, and biomass fuels.
Dualfuel engines.
Fuel
supply Systems: Injection, injection
equipment design and injection process, and common Rail Fuel injection.
Theory of Combustion: Stages of Combustion, factors
affecting delay period, abnormal combustion, cycle simulation, models for
C.I. Engine combustion calculation.
Combustion Chambers: Chamber design, matching with fuel injection, selection
criteria of combustion chambers, induction and exhaust systems.
Emissions: Mechanism of formation, Emission norms,
strategies of emission control, EGR; Adverse effects of emissions on human
health and Environment.
Performance Characteristics: Variables affecting
performance of CI engines, methods of performance improvement, Analytical
method of performance estimation.
Turbocharging: Types, methods and effects, other
waste heat utilization practices. EGR, VGT systems. Mathematical model of a
turbocharged diesel engine.
Advance Engine Technologies: VCT, Microprocessor controls
in engines, low heat rejection engines.
1. Fundamentals
of IC Engines  J.B. Heywood, McGH
2. I.C.
Engines  Maleev
3. Internal
Combustion Engines R. S. Benson (Vol. I & Vol.II)
4. IC
Engines Taylor ( I & II)
(ii)
Advacnced Air Conditioning
Air Conditioning Component Selection (Component Matching),
Designing Air Ducts, Window Air Conditioner / Split Air Conditioner Performance
Testing, Energy calculations DegreeDay procedure, Bin Method , Comprehensive
Simulation methods method, Flow Pump – and piping Design.
Electrical Circuits And Components In Air Conditioner Like
Olp, Capacitor, Performance Study Of Motors Used For Fan, Blower,
Compressor,
Reference:
Air
Conditioning Engineering , Jones W.P., Arnold Publication Ltd. London, 1984.
Control
Systems For Heating, Haines R.W.
Air
Conditioning And Ventilation Of Building, Croome Gole D.J. And Roberts B.M.
Thermal
Environmental Engineering, Therlkeld J.L.,Prentice Hall, Ny, 1970.
Refrigeration
& Air Conditioning, Stoecker W.E. & Jones J.W., Tata Mcgraw Hill ,
Refrigeration And Air Conditioning, C.P.Arora, Tata Mcgraw Hill, 1996.
Ashrae
Hand Books, 1994,1995,1996,1997 .
Heating,
Ventilating, and Airconditioning Analysis and design By F.C.Mcquiston , J.D.Parker,
J.D.Spitler, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Modern
A/C, Heating & Ventilation by Carrier, Cherne, Grant, Roberts ( Pitman N Y)
Modern
Refrigeration and Air conditioning (2004) By Andrew Daniel Althouse. Carl
Harold Turnquist (hardcover Text)
Refrigeration,
Air conditioning and cold storage By Gnumner Reynold ( Clifton Books Co)
(i) Gas Turbines
General Concepts related to Turbo
machinery: Classification; Euler’s Equation for Turbo machinery; Velocity
triangle; Cascade analysis & nomenclature. Shaft Power & Aircraft
Propulsion Cycles.
Centrifugal Compressors: Work done and
pressure rise; Slip; Compressibility effects; Compressor characteristics. Axial
Flow Compressors: Stage pressure rise; Blockage in compressor annulus; Degree
of reaction; 3 D flow; Stage performance; hs diagram & efficiency; Off
design performance; Performance characteristics; Design process. Combustion
System.
Axial Flow Turbines: Stage
performance; Degree of reaction; hs diagram & efficiency; Vortex theory;
Overall turbine performance; Performance characteristics; Blade cooling; Design
process. Prediction of performance of simple gas turbines; Off Design
performance; Gas turbine blade materials; Matching procedure.
Recommended Texts
1. H.
Cohen, Gas Turbine Theory, 4th Edition, Longman, 1998.
2. S.L.
Dixon, Fluid Mechanics, Thermodynamics of Turbo machinery, 4th Edition,
Pergamon Press, 1998.
3. Jack D.
Mattingly, Elements of Gas Turbine Propulsion, McGraw Hill, Inc., 1996.
4. Budugur
Lakshminarayana, Fluid Dynamics and Heat Transfer of Turbomachinery, John Wiley
& Sons, Inc,1996.
5. Wilson,
D. G. The Design of High efficiency turbomachinery and gas turbine, MIT press,
1984.
6. Horlocks,
J.H. Axial Flow Compressors, Krieger Publishing, 1982.
4S PMTE 2 Elective III
(ii) CRYOGENICS
Introduction:
Historical review and present application areas. Review of thermodynamic
relationships, Joule Thomson effect, conductive, convective and radiative heat
transfer.
Cryogenic Fluids: PVT behavior of a pure substance,
Inversion curve, TS diagram for He N_{2} O_{2} air etc, Molecular forms of Hydrogen, Properties and
principal uses of cryogenic fluids. Minimum work required liquefying 1 kg_{?}mole
of some of the several common cryogens (He, H_{2}. Ne, N_{2}, Air, O_{2}, Methane, Ethane, Ammonia).
Cryogenic Refrigeration & Gas Liquefaction Systems:
Liquefaction systems for (I) gases other than Neon, Hydrogen and Helium (II)
for Neon, Hydrogen and Helium.
Refrigeration methods (i) Evaporation of volatile liquid
VC (ii) Cascade, mixed refrigerant cascade (iii) Isenthalpic expansion (Joule
Thomson/Linde apparatus) (iv) An adiabatic (isentropic) expansion, Combination
of Isenthalpic and Isentropic expansion (Claude, Modified Claude & Heylandt
cycles) (v) Stirling cycle / Phillips refrigerator, (vi) GiffordMcMohan, (vii)
Magnetic, (viii) HeHe dilution refrigerator.
Applications: Air separation, liquefaction of
natural gas, superconductivity and its application, storage dewars, vacuum
technology, low T insulation categories, high vacuum with/without shields,
powders, rigid foams, low conductivity solids. Materials for cryogenic service:
metals polymers, glass.
BOOKS:
1. MacKinnon, Lachlan, Experimental Physics
at Low Temperatures, Wayne Statte University Press, Detroit
2. Lounasmaa, O. V., Experimental Principles
and Methods Below 1 K, New York, Academic Press,
3. Pobell, Frank, Matter and Methods at Low
Temperatures, second edition, Berlin, Springer
4. White, Guy K., Experimental Techniques in
LowTemperature Physics Third Edition, Oxford Uni. Press,
5. Cryogenic Process Engineering Timmerhaus
K D, Flynn T M Pub.:Plenum
6. Cryogenic Fundamentals Haselden G
Academic Press
7. Cryogenic Systems Randall F Barron
McGH
8. Cryogenic Engineering Flynn Thomos M
Dekker
9. Cryogenics Bryson William E
Hanser.Gardner
10. Cryogenic Refrigeration Flynn, Thomos M,
Chen Gyobang
11. Applied Cryogenic Engg Vance and Duke Wiley
12. Cryogenic Processes And Equipment Leonard Wenzel, F J Kadi ASME
Lab
Practice will constitute laboratory experimentation, design / simulation /
programming assignments on electives of a Group I or Group II
*******
semester
: fifth
5S PMTE 1 : Seminar
 I
5S PMTE 2 : PROJECT
Seminars:
Seminar
1  General (non dissertation) topic from the advances
in thermal engineering.
Seminar
2  Related to candidate’s probable topic for dissertation.
*******
SEMESTER : SIXTH
Substantiation of the topic / title of
dissertation shall undergo 2 stages:
Endorsement and Registration.
Approval (endorsement) by the PG
Committee shall be done before / during the commencement of the third semester,
and approved topic will be sent without delay to university for registration.
After confirmation of
registration will follow Project presentation (candidate portraying his
own scheme in respect of tools / techniques / software and tasks performed
through seminar). External and internal examiners will make assessment of each
seminar jointly.
*******
environmental engg.
(part time) course
semester :first
1 SCEE 1 ENVIRONMENTAL
SCIENCES AND CHEMISTRY
SECTION – A
The Nature and scope of Environmental
Problems :
Some important definitions,
Interaction of systems, Environmental disturbances, public awareness and
action, Quantification of Environmental problems.
Climatology and Meteorology :
Introduction , Basic atmospheric
properties, Energy outputs and inputs, wind stability and turbulence, water in
the atmosphere, climate.
Ecology :
Introduction, Energy flow in
Ecosystems, food chain and trophic levels,
Nutrient cycles, elements
of limnology , Eutrophication.
Global Atmospheric change :
The green house effect and
stratosphere ozone depletion, Global temperature, the green house effect,
carbon dioxide, chloroflurocarbons , the green house gases, Regional effects of
green house gases, changes in stratospheric ozone, perspective on global
atmospheric change.
General Chemistry: Law of mass
action, Stoichiometry, Gas Laws
Physical Chemistry: Types of
solution, electrical conductivity and aqueous solution, ionic theory,
electrical dissociation, Buffer solutions, Indicators, Solubility products,
Common ion effect,
Amphoteric hydroxides, chemical
equilibria and ways of shifting it.
SECTION
B
Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry :
Organic compounds of interest to
environmental engineers
( Details of preparation and chemical
reactions involved are not required )
General preparation of the functional
groups of organic compounds.
Enzymes, classification, Enzyme
carbolysed reactions.
Break down and synthesis of
carbohydrates, fats, protein under
aerobic and anaerobic reactions.
CNP cycle under aerobic and anaerobic
reactions.
Concept of B.O.D., C.O.D., T.O.C.
Colloids, Dispersion of Colloids,
General and electrokinetic properties of colloids, colloidal solutions and
mixtures.
Environmental Chemistry :
Water structure and anomalous behavior
of water ,
Chemistry involved in water treatment
processes like coagulation, disinfection, softening, fluoridation ,
defluoridation, Iron and its control
Composition and characterisation of
sewage, sewage sludge and gas analysis.
Chromatography :
Principles and uses in Environmental
Engg.
Text/
Reference Books :
1) Introduction to Environmental Engg. and
Science – By Gillbert M Masters.
2) Environmental Science – By. Alam Singh,
VolI,II,III.
3) Environmental Science & Engg. By
Henrry.
4) Fair
G M , Geyr J C , Okun D A , Water and
wastewater Engineering, Vol, I & II, John Wiley & Sons, New York.
4) Chemistry for Environmental Engg. By.
Sawyer & M.c Carty.
5) Waste water Treatment, Disposal and Reuse
– By MetCalf & Eddy.
1SCEE2
Environmental Microbiology
Section
A
1. Introduction to microbiology
Classification of microorganisms,
procaryotic cells, eucaryotic cells.
Characterization of microorganism,
microorganism of importance.
Distribution of biological forms,
interrelationship application in the field of Environmental Engineering.
2 Bacteria ;
Distribution, cytology, forms size,
morphology and file structure of bacteria, nutritional requirements,
metabolism, growth of bacteria, growth patterns, food microorganism
relationship, Aerobic, Anaerobic growth.
Factor affecting growth, generation
time.
3 Bacteriology of water :
Pathogens and indicator of pollution,
method of isolation, enumeration and differentiation. Presumptive, confirmative
and completed test for Ecoli, most probable number, Membrane filter technique,
indicators of pollution, sampling method, frequency, precautions.
Microbiology of food :
Microorganisms associated with milk
and food, diseases transmitted, food poisoning,
4 Enzymes
Nature of enzymes, mode of actions,
effect of temperature, pH, salts and heavy metal, extra cellular and
intracellular enzymes classification, source of enzymes, enzymes formation.
5. Fresh water biology :
Flora and fauna in rivers,
distribution, limnology, biological cycles, oxygen concentration, nutrient
concentration, oxygen depletion, oxygen sag reaeration, Lake
eutrophication and its prevention.
Section
B
6. Algae, Fungi Protozoa and viruses :
General, introduction to these groups,
their role in environmental Engineering and their classification,
identification, observation nutrition, reproductions, their control.
Viruses :
Occurrence, special features, diseases caused by them, culturing, control
of viruses.
7 Bacterial culture :
Isolation of microorganisms, staining
procedures, pure and mix cultures, culture characteristics, different medias,
selective methods, interference, gram positive and negative bacteria laboratory
ulturing techniques, equipments used, microscope, autoclave, incubator, test
chamber.
8 Microbiology of waste water treatment
:
Microorganisms, fundamental theory,
theory of operations, oxygen requirements and environmental factors associated
with following waste treatment methods.
· Activated sludge process
· Trickling filter
· Oxidation pond
· Sludge digestion
· Cesspools, septic tank and imhoff tank
9. Air microbiology :
Types of microorganisms, Air borne
diseases, sampling of air, microbial content of air, control of airborne
diseases.
10. Control
of microorganisms
Death of bacteria
Pattern of death, effect of temp, pH, toxic substances on growth of bacteria,
Antagonism and synergism.
Control of microorganisms by physical
agents, Control of microorganisms by chemical agents.
1
SCEE 3 PRACTICALS
Determination of :
1) Conductivity 2) pH (indicators and pH meter) 3) Turbidity 4) Hardness (Calcium and total by EDTA method) 5) Sulphate
6) Chlorides 7)Chlorine
demand and Chlorine residual
(Available, Break point dose) 8) Nitrogen
all types 9) DO, BOD 10) COD, TOC 11) Iron and Manganese 12)Acidity and Alkalinity 13) Fluorides 14) Solids (Fixed, suspended and Volatile) (ANY
TEN)
1
SCEE 4 PRACTICALS
Study
of instruments, Heterotrophic plate count,
preparation of differential media
isolation of bacteria by various methods, staining of bacteria,
eneumeration of bacteria by various methods, M.F. technique, Control of
microorganisms.
*****
second semester
2
SCEE 1 WATERSHED
MANAGEMENT
SECTION
A
1. INTRODUCTION:
The hydrological cycle, storage,
concept of storage, the watershed
2. WATER AND ENERGY:
Energy movement, quality of energy,
the geometry of energy, the energy budget, Instruments and limitations, the
role of water in energy sphere.
3. WATER IN THE ATMOSPHERE:
Instrumentation and limitations,
Processes, Global circulation, Precipitation, sources of precipitation, forms
of precipitation, Temporal and spatial distribution, Evaporation, the amount,
factors affecting evaporation, Dalton’s Law, Instruments, limitations.
4. WATER IN VEGETATION:
Processes, interception,
Transpiration, Evapotranspiration, calculations by using water budget,
Evapotranspiration, models, storage.
5. Hydrology in water resources development,
statistical analysis of rainfall and runoff, different distributions methods,
Estimation of Unit Hydrographflood flow formulae, Storm hydrograph, Storage
and regulation of runoffsafe yield of streams, Estimate of storage
requirements.
SECTION
B
6. HYDROLOGY OF GROUND WATER:
Common aquifersExploration for ground
water, hydraulics of ground water flow Measurement of permeability of
formations, flownets and their constructions, Boundary conditions – Unconfined
and Confined, steady and unsteady flow into wells and infiltration galleries –
Evaluation of formulation constant interference, Method of images – Types,
design, construction and maintenance of wells and infiltration galleries,
Development of wells – well strainer – functions and selections, field tests –
Hydraulics of salt water intrusions and their prevention , Ground water
recharge.
7. WATERSHED DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT
Definition, Need and scope,
characterization of watershed criteria survey, Basic data collection and
interpretation, Establishment of watershed research stations. Watershed
resource evaluation and management. Irrigation technology. Integrated farming
system. Project formulation and economic analysis.
PERSPECTIVE ON WATERSHED MANAGEMENT:
Methodologies for modifying the water
resource environment, watershed management and large scale changes.
PRACTICE OF WATERSHED MANAGEMENT:
Rehabilitation, Protection and
Enhancement
NON POINT SOURCES OF POLLUTION:
The legal basis, the process of non
point source pollution control, Best management practices principles, Best
management practices on wet lands.
8. RAIN WATER HARVESTING:
Necessity, Methods of rain water
harvesting, Requirements for design of project, community participation, Role
of NGO’s, Government and Municipal Corporation, Limitations, quality assurance
of stored water.
BOOKS
:
1. Watershed Hydrology by Peter E. Black.
2. Water Resources Systems, Planning and
Management by R.N.Chaturvedi.
2SCEE2
ADVANCED
WATER TRETMENT
SECTION
A
Standards for raw and treated waters.
Surface waters. Effects of storage on water quality. Limnology. Water
ecology, Thermal stratification. Seasonal Change, lake overturns. Algee,
Control measures, quality of underground Waters. Nature and source of impurities. Examination of waters.
Requirements of water treatment
facilities. Process design abd
hydraulic design. Unit operations,
Gravity systems, pumping systems.
Period of design, Fluctuations in demand. Intake structures. Useful
concepts from water chemistry and biology.
Principles of sedimentation and
floatation. General equations for
settling or discrete particulates.
Hindred settling, effect of Temperature, viscosity efficiency of an ideal
basin, shortcircuiting. Sludge
moisture content – specific gravity relationship. Up flow and sludge blanket tanks – mathematical model of the
unit processes.
Theories of chemical coagulation.
Nature of colloids. Zeta potential.
Coagulant and their specificity.
Design of mechanical flocculators. Mean velocity gradient “G”, “Gt”
effect of temperature and other variables.
Power consumption. Mathematical
Modelling.
SECTION
B
Theory of filtration. System Parameter and mathematical modeling,
size and shape characteristics of granualar filtering materials. Preparations of filter sand, Hydraulics of
filtration through homogeneous and stratified beds. Performance of slow, rapid, highrate multiplayer and composite
filters. Upflow, two way filter, dual
media filter.
Pressure filters. Diatomaceous earth filters. Micostrainers. Filtrability Index.
Principles of desinfection. Factors affecting disinfection. Halogens: Chlorine, Iodine and
Bromine.
Principles of aeration, System parameters
and mathematical model. Methods of
aeration. Theories of adsorption. Freudlich equation. Removal of taste and adour by
adsorption. Removal of colour. Effects of fluorides. Fluoridation. Removal of fluorides.
Industrial water treatment: Boiler
feed water. Softening of water. Langlier, Ryzner and other indices. Reuse of water and conservation of water in
industry.
Methods of Iron and Manganese
removal. Use of aeration, oxidation,
ionexchange and other methods and their control.
Theory of corrosion, and corrosion
control.
BOOKS
RECOMMENDED:
1. Water and Waste water Engineering by Fair
Geyer and Okun, John Willy and Sons
2. Water and Waste water Technology by Mark
J. Hammer, John Willy and Sons
3. Water Supply and Sewerage by E.W.Steel
and McGhee, Mc Graw Hill Company.
4. Manual on Water Supply & Treatment,
CPHEEO, New Delhi.
5. PhysicoChemical Processes for Water
Quality Control by Weber, John Wiley & Sons, 1972.
2SCEE3
ADVANCED
WASTEWATER TREATMENT
sectiona
1. INTRODUCTION: Objectives of waste water
treatment, Purpose of advanced wastewater treatment, Wastewater quantity and
transport and waste water characteristics. Alternative flowcharts, function and
basic principles involved in different units of conventional wastewater
treatment plant.
2. PROCESS ANALYSIS: Reaction and reaction
kinetics, Mass balance, Reactors and their hydraulic characteristics, Practical
aspects of reactor design.
3. PHYSICAL AND CHEMIXCAL TREATMENT:
Screening, Grit removal, flow equalisations and mixing. Flocculation,
sedimentation, flotation. Detailed principles and design aspects of Screening,
Grit chamber and Sedimentation tank.
sectionb
4. PRINCIPLES OF BIOLOGICAL TREATMENT:
Kinetics of biological growth, introduction to suspended and fixed film
reactors. Concepts of gas transfer and solids separation, Nitrogen and
Phosphrous removal from waste water. Concepts of aerobic and anaerobic
treatment of waste water. Design of Activated Sludge system using biological
process dynamics. Complete design details of Activated Sludge Process.
Modifications of ASP. Process concepts and design aspects of Trickling Filters,
Rotating Biological Contactors (RBC), Fluidized bed reactor/treatment.
5. SLUDGE TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL: Aerobic
and Anaerobic digestion of sludge, sludge stabilization, dewatering,
conditioning and disposal.
6. TERTIARY TREATMENT: Principles of
tertiary treatment, theory of adsorption and factors affecting adsorption.
Concepts and different methods of dissolved solids removal. Basic principles of
Reverse Osmosis, Ultrafiltration, Electro dialysis, Desalination.
REFERENCE
BOOKS:
1. Wastewater Engineering: Treatment, Disposal
& Reuse, By Metcalf & Eddy Inc. Sixth Ed. 2002, McGraw Hill.
2. Introduction to Environmental Engg., By.
P.A. Veslind, PWS, Publishing Compony, Boston, 1997.
3. Wastewater Treatment and disposal, By
S.J. Arceivalla, Marcel Dekker, 1981.
4. Wastewater Treatment Plant Planning,
Design and Operation, By S.R. Quasim, Holt, Rinehart & Winston N.Y.
5. Activated Sludge Process: Theory and
Practices, By N.F Grey, Oxford University Press, 1990.
*******
third semester
3
SCEE1 Environmental Impact Assessment
and
Management
SECTION
A
1. Development and Environment, need for
EIA, concept of EIA, elements of EIA, environmental attributes, nature of
impacts – primary, secondary, tertiary, shortterm, longterm, local and
regional, reversible & irreversible impacts
2. Overview of impacts – directly &
indirectly measurable impacts w.r. to air, noise, water, land, biological &
socioeconomic environment
3. Screening and scoping in EIA, terms of
reference for conducting EIA, methodologies of EIAchecklists, matrices,
overlays, cost benefit analysis, & adaptive environment and management,
networks
4. Framework of EIA – scope of EIA, baseline
data collection, prediction of impacts, evaluation of impacts, battelle
environmental evaluation system, environmental management plan, greenbelt
development, environmental quality monitoring, budgetary provisions for
implementing control measures
5. Environmental appraisal of projects, MoEF
questionnaire for environmental clearance, element of public participation
& hearing, case studies on EIA of industrial, mining, highway and water
resources projects, critical environmental issues and formulation of strategies
for EMP for these projects
SECTION
B
1. Environmental legislation – basic
concepts, critical issues, civil liability, various enactment and their
provisions – Water Act (1974, 1988), Forest Conservation Act (1980), Air Act
(1981, 1988), Water (Cess) Act 1977, Environmental Protection Act 1986, Public
Liability & Insurance Act, Motor Vehicle Act 1989, Rules for Hazardous
waste handling, storage & disposal, environmental tribunal & its
functions. Implementation mechanism of environmental legislation. Role of State
& Central boards of pollution control, local Govt., social action groups,
Environmental policies.
2. Environmental Audit – definition, concept
of EA, types of environmental audit, benefits of environmental audit, scope
& objectives, environmental statement, procedural aspects of conducting
environmental audit, preaudit phase, onsite audit phase & postaudit
phase, water audit, raw material audit & energy audit, health & safety
audit, conservation of energy and water, waste minimization, economic benefits
of environmental audit
3. Sustainable development &
environmental management, carrying capacity based developmental planning
process, regional EIA and preparation of regional EMP, concept of carrying
capacity, assimilative and supportive capacity, development of action plans for
critical environmental areas, training needs in environmental management and environmental
education programmes. Environmental Management in India.
4. Resource Management
Types of resources  terrestrial
(soil) resources, minerals, plants & animals (biotic) resources, marine,
fresh water, air & bioenergy resources, resource utilizationrenewable and
nonrenewable resources, optimal use of resources, depletion of resources –
causes & effects.
Human Resources – importance of
socioeconomic studies in developmental projects.
BOOKS
:
1)
Environmental Impact Assessment :
Rau & Woofes.
2)
Environmental Impact Assessment :
W.F. Canter, McGraw Hill.
3)
Proceedings of IndoBritish Workshop
on EIA of Petrochemical Industries and Environmental Audit, Jan. 1994, IAEM,
Nagpur.
4)
Handbook on Pollution Control Acts,
Central Pollution Control Board, New Delhi.
5)
The New Environmental Age by
R.K.Sapra, S.Bhardwaj, Ashish Pub. House, New Delhi.
3
SCEE 2 AIR
POLLUTION & CONTROL
SECTION
A
I General principles, Biosphore, Air
Environment, Air pollution, Primary and Secondary pollutants, Removal
processes, sources of pollution, Averging time air quality.
II Particulate matter : Natural &
manmade, viable & nonviable, effects & removal mechanism, particle size
distribution.
III Gaseous pollutants : CO, CO_{2}, Ozone, SO_{2}, H_{2}S, Sources and effects on vegetation materials and
Humans, photochemical smog, secondary
pollutants : NOx, Atmospheric reactions & Scavenging process.
IV Meteorology : Solar radiation, Heat
balance, green house effect, Wind velocity, wind rose, turbulance, wind
profile, humidity, temperature.
V Atmospheric Stability : Lapse rate,
inversion : flume shape, Max mixing depth. Transport of air pollutants.
SECTION
B
VI Air pollution monitoring : Sampling,
monitoring equipments, stackmonitoring, quality surveillance, source
monitoring, Ambient air quality.
VII Air pollution control : Various methods of
control of particulate matter in industries and design of gravity seperator,
cyclone seperator, filters, electrostatic precipitor, absorption devices,
scrubbers, combustion devices, control of gaseous emission and process emission controls.
VIII
Air quality modeling : Modelling, Air
quality mathematical models, Gaussion
Dispersion model, plume rise, application of models.
IX Pollution from mobile sources, problems,
effects, testing and control, preventive measures.
X Other types of pollutions:
1)Noise pollution 2) Radioactive
pollution 3) Thermal pollution, Nature, sources, effects and control measures.
BOOKS
RECOMMENDED :
1) Air Pollution, Vol. I To IV – A. C.
Stern.
2) Fundamentals Of Air Pollution – Stern,
Wohlers, Bouble, Lower.
3) Air Pollution & Control – P. P. Mowli
& N. Venkata Subbayya.
4) Air Pollution – Rao & Rao.
5) Air Pollution Sienfeld J. H.
6) Air Pollution – Perkins.
7) Air Quality Monitoring – A Course Manual
By Neeri, 19981.
8) Mechanical handbook
9) Mechanical Handling  Jolley, F. Raby,
& H. Walder.
10) Material Handling Engineering – Sayre,
Haward S.
3
SCEE 3 PRACTICALS
1) To measure CO % & NO % of the exhaust
gases from vehicles or gasoline engine.
2) Determination of SPM, RSPM, SO2
3)
Statistical Calculations of observed
air pollution data.
4) Design of Bag filter for controlling dust
pollution in particular industry – case study.
5) Design of cyclone seperator.
6) Study of Air Quality Monitoring
Instruments & Equipments.
7) Determination of wind velocity, wind
direction, temperature, cloud cover, humidity & preparation of windrose
diagram.
3 scee 4 design
problem
A project report on Design of Complete
Water Treatment Plant or Sewage Treatment Plant or Industrial Waste Water
Treatment Plant including detailed drawing and cost economics will be prepared
by a group of not more than 3 Students.
Examination will be based on VivaVoce
on report submitted.
*******
FOURTH
SEMESTER
4SCEE1
INDUSTRIAL
WASTE WATER TREATMENT
SECTION
A
Problem of Industrial Waste Water:
Variation in quality and quantity of
industrial waste water. Effects of discharge of industrial waste water on
streams; land and municipal sewers. Benefits of water pollution control by
doing treatment of industrial waste.
Indian standards for discharge of
treated waste water on land, into municipal sewer and natural water courses.
Sampling procedure.Experimental
evaluation of physicochemical or biological treatment methods for treatment of
the wastewater.
Approaches to minimization of problem
of industrial waste water, Good housekeeping, equalization, neutralization,
precipitation, mixing of different effluent streams, recycle of effluent
streams, process modifications in terms of raw materials or chemicals used
general approach to planning of industrial waste water treatment and disposal.
Cleaner Technologies of production for waste minimization.
SECTION
B
Different aspects and choices of
various alternatives such as:
1) Treating different effluent streams
separately.
2) Treating different streams jointly after
mixing them partly or fully.
3) Including/excluding domestic waste along
with the industrial waste.
General approach for handling and
treatment of industrial waste water with following special characteristics.
Shock loads, presence of colours,
toxic metal/ions, refractory substances, e.g. A B S and other detergents,
growth inhibiting substances such as insecticides, waste rich in nutrients
(N.P.K. etc.), waste rich in oil & grease, high suspended solids, high BOD,
high temperature, acidity, alkalinity etc.
Experimental evaluation of
physicochemical or biological treatment processes for treatment of the waste
water.
Process line diagrams, characteristics
and treatment of industrial waste of: 
Pulp and paper, textile, tennery,
food, Cannings, sugar mill, distillery, dairy, pharmaceutical, electroplating
etc. industries.
BOOKS
RECOMMENDED:
1) Waste Water Treatment, Disposal and
ReuseMctcalf and Eddy.
2) Pollution Control in Process Industries –
S.P.Mahajan.
3) Liquid Waste of Industry – Theory,
Practices and Treatment Nemcrow.
4) Industrial Water Pollution Control
W.W.Eekenfelder.
5) Natural Systems for Waste Management and Treatment
– S.C. Reed, E.J. Middlebrooks, R.W.Crites.
6) The Treatment of Industrial Waste – Purse
lievre E.B.
7) Water Quality Management by W.W.
Eckenfelder
8)
Biological Treatment of Waste Waters
: W.W. Enkenfelder
4
SCEE 2 ENVIRONMENTAL
SANITATION
AND
SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
SECTION
– A
1. Concept of environment and scope of
sanitation in rural areas. Principles involved in the protection of public health by engineering measures to
control the environment Rural
water supply –Selection and development of preferred sources of water, sanitary considerations for location
and construction of wells, springs, infiltration wells, radial wells and
infiltration galleries, bacterial travel in soils.
2. Imrovised methods and compact systems of
treatment of surface and groundwater. Specific problems in rural water supply
and treatment e.g. iron, manganese, fluorides etc.
3. Treatment and disposal of wastewater /
sullage, Various methods of collection and disposal of nightsoil , Onsite
sanitation system and community latrines.Simple wastewater treatment system for
rural areas and small communities such as stabilization ponds, septic tanks,
soakage pits etc.
4. Swimming Pool sanitation – quality standards,
algae control
Fly and Mosquito Control – destruction
of adult flies and prevention of fly breeding.
Drainage filling, digging, dewatering,
chemical measures.
5. Food Sanitation – Public consideration,
Causes of food poisoning, food storage,
Restaurant sanitation, Slaughter house
sanitation, Milk plant sanitation, Sanitation of Hospital.
SECTION
– B
6.
Problems and impacts of solid waste
in developing countries; Sources, types and composition of Municipal solid
waste, quantity estimation and forecast, Management systems and planning.
7. Characteristics of solid waste – Sampling
– physical , chemical and biological analysis. Sources , types and composition
of industrial hazardous and toxic wastes, Treatment and disposal methods.
8. Collection of solid waste: On site
handling and processing; Collection systems and service; Analysis of collection
systems, collection routes; Management issues and concerns.
Transfer and transport, design
requirements.
9. Composting – Process microbiology,
Aerobic and anaerobic composting, parameters affecting, Design considerations,
compost control, engineering design and operations.
Sanitary Landfill – Process mechanism,
Classification, types, siting considerations, engineering design and
operations.
10. Incineration  Process details, classification, types, siting considerations,
Energy recovery, Pyrolysis, engineering
design and operations.
Biogas from solid wastes, convertion
of solid wastes to protein, Legislation and byelaws in solid waste management,
Solid Waste (Management & Handling) Rules, 2001.
Reference
/ Text Books:
· Ehlens and Steel; Municipal and Rural
Sanitation.
· Wagner E. G. & Lanoik J.N; Water
supply for rural areas and small communities, Geneve : WHO,
· Manual for rural Water Supply, Helvetas
Swiss Corporation, Divyajyoti Prakashan, Jodhpur.
· G. Techbanoglous, Elliasen; Solid waste
Engineering, Principles and management issues, McGraw Hill Book Co.
· Bhide A.D and Sudaresan B.B; Solid
waste Management in developing Countries, INSDOC, New Delhi.
· D. Joseph Hagerty, Joseph L. Pavoni
& John E. Heer Jr.; Solid Waste Management, Van Norstrand Reinhold
Environmental Engineering Science..
· Frank Kreith; Handbook of solid waste
Management, McGraw Hill Inc.
· Frank Flintoff; Management of solid
waste in developing countries, WHO publication.
4 CEE 3 Elective
(i)
HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT
SECTION – A
1. Introduction to Hazardous Waste :
Definition, Problems, general
awareness, Industry and Government’s perspective. Risk Assessments,
Environmental legislation.
2. Hazardous waste characterization and site
Treatment.
Introduction, study of
characterization, Assessment of
Hazardous sites, waste minimization and Resource Recovery, chemical ,
physical and biological treatment to Hazardous waste. Thermal process.
3. Transportation of Hazardous wastes :
Introduction of Hazardous wastes :
Hazardous Wastes (Handling, Storage
& Management) Rules, 1989 of MoEF.
Introduction, container for Hazardous
waste, bulk transport, Non bulk transport.
4. Groundwater contamination :
Effect on human health, Historical
uses and abuses, hydrology, Detection , Control and Mitigation of groundwater
contamination.
5. Process Techniques and Disposal :
Selecting the process, siting the
facility, integrated land fill system
as Disposal sites, Developing a new facility, operating a landfill.
SECTION
– B
6. Basic Disaster Management Aspects.:
The significance of Disaster, the Disaster
threat, National Disaster Management
policy, major Requirement for coping with Dissester Management cycle, Disaster
and National Development, Disaster legislation, counter disaster resources. International Disaster
Orgarnisation, utilisation of Resources.
7. LongTerm Measures :
Prevention, Mitigation.
8. Major factors for occurance of Disaster
impact :